There are always stones, hard and heavy, lying about separate from one another. Then we put them together into buildings. For Hegel, architecture is a curious art. It stands at the beginning of his hierarchy of the arts, the least spiritual, yet with its own distinctive mission. the unifying teleology of an architectural artwork is external architecture works with brute matter at its most external: heavy and extended, and shown as such.
Architecture: Theory and Planning
Two studies of architecture and gravity: We might say with Hegel that architecture the premier “external” art, because architecture constructs in physical space “out there” and uses external material such as wood and stone and steel. But other arts, for instance sculpture and painting, do the same.
Recommendations for dealing with pluralism in culture, selves, and cities.
A study of how for Hegel the relation of architecture to building function has varied throughout history. Architecture strives to liberate itself, never completely, from domination by function.
How to plan places that speak our identities to us.
How places shape and express us.
How the vocabulary of architecture changes, and how to enlarge our ways of designing by metaphor and breaking the rules.
This essay argues against global plans and hierarchical systems, whether in urban planning or art and life.
Asking whether a designer has a home base or floats freely above history? An argument against both modern a-historical and postmodern ironic conceptions of design.
Buildings would seem to be easier to interpret than other artworks. Architecture stands distinctively exposed to the community. Buildings are unavoidable and they enter into many different activities. In planning and constructing architecture many people and groups cooperate, and during that cooperative process intentions get made explicit; programs get written; functions get defined and evaluated. Yet for all this exposure, architecture maintains a distinctive resistance to interpretation.